The concept of tropical Rainforest Biome can be understood by comparing it with the administrative divisions of a city or a country.
A city is divided into several manageable areas. These areas consist of dwelling units for people, government and municipal offices for catering to the people’s day to day needs, educational institutions like schools for children and colleges for grown ups, office complexes, hospitals, entertainment houses and scores of other establishments.
One of the main characteristics of such an administrative division is the complex of communities, which may be the communities of people or other living organizations.
The various communities exhibit interdependence among them and use different resources to produce different end products for their use.
An orderly and balanced use of resources is crucial for the peaceful existence of such areas, otherwise chaos results.
A biome represents something similar. The only difference is that nature makes it and human beings and the other living organizations try to adjust to it. If orderliness is broken then chaos is the result as noted above.
The world consists of several such biomes. There are different kinds of biomes around the world depending on several parameters.
These may be:
Latitude based biomes – polar, temperate, tropical biomes,
Humidity based biomes – such as in tropical rainforest biome which is characterized by high humidity and
Elevation based biomes.
There are landmasses, which are identified as different continents and based on the above classifications the various biomes get categorized as boreal, temperate and tropical rainforest biomes and water based regions such as oceans, seas etc.
Landmass based biomes are also called terrestrial biomes and water based biomes are also called aquatic biomes.
Landmass based biomes include forests and deserts among other regions. In all such biomes human beings interact with nature in several ways and come into contact with plants, trees and animals in different capacities at different times. Such interactions may cause unbalance of the biomes at times.
Tropical Rainforest Biome is one such biome category.
Tropical rainforests are characterized by temperature range of 70 deg F – being nighttime temperature to 90 deg F – being daytime temperature, along with moisture in the air and rainfall almost throughout the year. The total rainfall may be up to 100 inches per year. Due to such continuous rains the weather remains humid during most of the year.
Due to such continuous rains they are lush green with a large variety of trees, shrubs, vines, orchids and other types of plants.
Due to the presence of such variety of lush, dense trees, the typical tropical rainforest biome supports a wide variety of animal and bird life.
The indigenous people living along such rainforests depend on them for their livelihood, for their food, which consists of both plant-based items such as fruits as also animals, which they hunt.
Many of the indigenous people are experts on the medical properties of the various trees and plants due to which they are able to lead very healthy lives in harmony with nature in contrast to the well educated modern city dwellers, whose rush and tension filled lives often make them fall prey to several health hazards needing costly treatments.
But it is a sad fact many countries falling within the tropical rainforest biome regions are economically poor with the result that they have to resort to carry out deforestation activities for their survival...
...they have to cut the trees to clear the land for cattle grazing in a smaller case or
...they have to go for logging operations on a large scale for greater returns.
Whatever may be the reason, such activities destroy the rainforests.