Rainforest Monkey

  Howler Monkeys, Squirrel Monkeys and Spider Monkeys are some common rainforest monkey names.

But there is such a huge list of their categories, classifications, families, species etc as to make it both very confusing and interesting at the same time to understand them.

Animals in general can be classified in hierarchies starting with the name "Domain" at the top of the classification ladder or chart, whose scientific name is Taxonomic Classification.


There are different domain classification systems which are generally looked up to.

One is a two domain system in which the domain names are:

  • Prokaryote Domain
  • Eukaryote Domain

Let us try to understand the hierarchy of this system by looking at the following chart :

HierarchyRainforest Monkey Classification
Domain
1. Prokaryote Domain
2. Eukaryote Domain

Rainforest Monkeys belong to the Eukaryote Domain
They have Multicellular Organisms
Eukaryote Domain consists of 6 Kingdoms
1. Protista
2. Archaebacteria
3. Eubacteria
 4. Fungi
5. Plantae
6. Animalia
Kingdom
Animalia
Animals and humans belong to the animalia kingdom because of several commonalities between them.
They both start as embryos and later develop into bodies with tissues, muscles, limbs, digestive chambers and so on.
Phylum
Chordate:
Groups of
animals with Vertebrates
Divided into : 3 Sub Phylums
1. Urochordata
2. Cephalochordata
3. Vertebrata.

The Sub Phylum is divided into:
Infra Phylums and Super Classes.
Under the Sub Phylum Vertebrata, there is a Super Class Tetrapoda, which means four legged vertebrates, we get the Series Amniota, meaning amniotic egg. This branches into different classes, one of which is Mammalia.
Class
Mammalia
Vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in females for the nourishment of the young.
Order
One of the Orders is Primate, which consists of 3 groups
1. Prosimians
2. New World Monkeys
3. Old World Monkeys & Apes.


These are again divided into
Sub Orders and Infra Orders.
FamilySuper Families and Families of Primates from Sub Orders & Infra Orders.
GenusName of the Organism
SpeciesA genus is a basic unit & contains one or more Species

There are 4 New World rainforest monkey families which are:

  • Aotidae
  • Atelidae
  • Cebidae
  • Pitheciidae

Let us have a look at the Taxonomic Classification table below showing a brief list of the categories:

   Taxonomic Classification 
1Domain Eukaryote 
2Kingdom Animalia 
3Phylum Chordate 
4Class Mammalia 
     
5Order Primate 
  ProsimiansNew World
Monkeys
Old World Monkeys & Apes
  Aye-ayesCapuchinsBaboons
  GalagosHowler MonkeysColobus Monkeys
  IndrisMarmosetsDrills
  LemursMuriquisGuenons
  LorisesOwl MonkeysLangurs
  PottosSakisLeaf Monkeys
  SifakasSpider MonkeysMacaques
   Squirrel MonkeysVervets
   Tamarins 
   Titis 
   Uakaris 
   Woolly Monkeys 
     
6Family 4 Families 
   Aotidae 
   Atelidae 
   Cebidae 
   Pitheciidae 
     
7Genus Several genera 
8Species Several species 
 




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