Land use policies, planning and methods determine the way urban and rural areas of any country’s land area are managed.
From the time human beings evolved the patterns of such land usage have undergone several changes.
During those times land was plentiful and the human population was low and so there was no need for any planning or administration. Since the education level was also low or absent there was no planning in prehistoric times.
People could live anywhere they pleased without bothering about how it would affect the others.
But with the rising population of the world, spread of education, scientific advancement, industrial revolution and management techniques meticulous planning has become a must for efficient local and regional area administration and management in any part of the world.
With the rapid spread of education among other modern developments people began to migrate from one place to the others in their own countries or from their countries to other countries in search of better living standards.
When the new world was discovered in the Americas, people from Europe migrated to that new world in droves in search of El Dorado. They began to do well rapidly as time went by.
Since land became a valuable asset it had to be scientifically managed for the benefit of all concerned.
This required the inputs from several fields such as technical, social, economic, environmental, engineering and many other fields for the orderly use and development of land for the people to live and work safely and peacefully as also to move about freely from one place to any other place as and when they choose.
Land use planning and management has to be based on short term, mid term and long term planning to preserve all the natural resources, conserve the environment and biodiversity.
For this purpose planners will have to separate the land into rural and urban areas so that in rural areas agricultural and farm activities could be pursued for the production of food grains and crops, raising domestic animals for farm use and animal based products like milk, wool etc for human use.
Rural areas, which may not be useful for agricultural purposes may be developed as industrial areas if minerals and metals are found underground such as coal, copper, aluminum, gold or petroleum etc.
Land cover should also have large forested areas in any country and hence planners should earmark large areas to be developed as forests for developing flora and fauna and rich biodiversity.
Cities and towns are the modern day realities and city planners have made great progress in developing and maintaining great cities around the world.
Land use in cities are divided for several purposes such as:
Residences with schools, colleges, hospitals, shopping complexes, entertainment centers and scores of establishments for the convenience of the residents.
Commercial complexes including offices, factories, godowns etc for commercial activities.
Government administration blocks for running the affairs of the area.
Military establishment blocks and such other multiple constructions as needed.
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