Terms like green cars, green buildings, green technology, clean environment and clean earth are among the different kinds of slogans popularized by the environmentalists of the world, who are concerned about the degradation of earth and its environment.
The people of the world have started taking notice of such slogans and ideas.
|With global warming threatening the world, the environmentalists keep monitoring the environment and make suggestions from time to time to eliminate or reduce such degradations.
While environmentalists are right in giving their suggestions, the people at large will be interested in finding out how such ideas can be implemented by them at their level.
Concerned individuals take the initiative and do every thing at their level to reduce global warming by following the :
Reduce, Reuse and Re-Cycle mantras
and other such global warming reduction recommendations they have learned from various sources in their day-to-day activities wherever applicable.
Cars is one subject where the concerned individuals are checking what actions they need to take to minimize emissions of Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide and other noxious gases.
Any car is an asset, which has financial and technical aspects for its purchase, maintenance and its disposal once its useful life is over as far as the owner is concerned, while its usage is governed by statutory traffic rules and regulations.
The traditional petrol and/or diesel driven car has been in existence for more than a century and the people are quite experienced in handling them when looked at from the financial and technical angles.
They are aware of the various brands of cars, their dealers, their prices, the purchase terms and loan schemes. They are also knowledgeable about selling used cars in exchange for buying new cars. The same argument goes for its various maintenance parameters.
But the subject of green cars is relatively new and not all the people are knowledgeable about it or may give a serious thought to it unless required by law.
They would like to examine whether their national and local governments have passed any laws, which will make it mandatory for them to follow in all their aspects.
If such laws are convenient for them to follow without much difficulty they will have no hesitation in doing so, warming the hearts of the environmentalists.
Otherwise the efforts of the environmentalists will be in vain.
The people involved here are:
Local, regional and national government authorities.
The Manufacturers of the cars.
The dealers – sales and service dealers and others (say those who offer financial schemes for purchase of cars).
Independent opinion leaders like scientists, environmentalists, news magazines, automobile experts and associations and various other concerned individuals and groups.
Here is a brief list of the policies of Tax Incentives, Rebates and Penalties of various governments:
In the US the Federal government as also some state governments give various Tax incentives, grants, funds etc for the purchase of green cars as also provide subsidies to farmers to grow corns and other crops suitable for developing alternative fuels like ethanol.
The US government has several websites to educate the public on green cars which give exhaustive details on the principles of environmentally friendly cars - alternative fuel vehicles, the types of alternative fuels, batteries, battery cells, glossaries of terms such as clean cars, pollution ratings, Clean Cities Initiatives, California Hydrogen Highway program, various types of training programs for auto dealers on green cars and several other relevant topics.
The European governments have their policies to promote the development and usage of green cars such as the feebate policy of the French government's Ministry of Ecology, whereby they give incentives to buyers of cars with different bonus figures based on the quantum of CO2 emissions of cars.
As per newly announced policy (Dec. 2007), buyers of new cars with CO2 emission upto 130 gms/km will get bonus, while those with CO2 emissions exceeding 160 gms/km will have to pay a penalty.
Buyers of cars with CO2 emission falling in the range of 130 gms/km to 160 gms/km will receive neither a bonus nor have to pay any penalty.
Further, incentives will be given to those purchasers of new cars who scrap their cars older than 15 years.
Ireland and Finland governments have also announced their new policies of staggered systems of taxes payable at the time of purchase of cars and motor tax periodically. The tax rates will increase with the increased emission figures of CO2.
Denmark, Netherland and UK also have their policies and tax structures (such as congestion charges) to dissuade owners of cars which emit high amount of CO2 categorised in different bands.
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