Amazon Rainforest History
If we analyze the amazon rainforest history, we will find that the name Amazon is based on the war between Francisco de Orellana and a tribe of Tapuyas where women warriors fought along with men.
Francisco de Orellana was a Spanish explorer and took part in the Spanish conquest of Peru with Francisco Pizarro during the 1541 expedition east of Quito into the South American interior in search of La Canela.
In December 1541, Orellana's ship was separated from the main force, but Orellana managed to sail the length of the Amazon River, arriving at the river's mouth in August 1542.
It was on this voyage that the Amazon got its name.
But many historians believe that he might have mistaken the men warriors as women warriors since they were having long hair and were dressed in grass skirts.
The name Amazon can be thought of having been derived from different sources namely, Amazonas from Amazons of Asia and Africa described by Herodotus and Diodorus in Greek legends.
Some other interpretations suggest that the name has been sourced from a native word with the Spanish spelling of amazona or the Portuguese spelling of amassona, which both mean destroyer of boats, due to destructive nature of the root system possessed by some plants.
Whichever word is taken into consideration here, what is very significant is that destruction of the Amazon rainforest continues unabated throughout the region for some reason or the other.
Between 1991 and 2000, the total area of forest lost in the Amazon rose from 415,000 to 587,000 km² with most of the lost forest becoming pasture for cattle.
The deforestation became worse after the 1960’s with an estimated 30% of the deforestation due to small farmers.
Lately deforestation has increased greatly due to the forests being cleared to use them for livestock pasture. Brazil has become a big producer of soybeans to feed the livestock and this also has become a reason for deforestation of the Amazon rainforests.
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